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Types of Heating Systems for Commercial Buildings

Types of Heating Systems for Commercial Buildings

industrial heating maintenance in MOAmerican Services industrial heating equipment installation near Wood River knows that there are many types of efficient heating systems to select from for commercial buildings. Examples are; radiant heating, eat pumps, radiators, and more.

Radiant heating systems function by supplying heat directly to the floors or to wall or ceiling panels of your commercial building. Radiant heating systems depend on transfer of heat or delivery of heat directly to objects in the room. This type of radiant heat is called “infrared radiation.”

Radiant heating is far more efficient than baseboard heat or forced air because there is no loss of heat through the duct system that forced air must travel through before entering the room it is heating.

Steam radiator systems are another option of heating for commercial spaces.  Steam radiators utilize  a boiler which actually heats water to a boiling point into steam.  This steam then moves through the pipes and it does not require pumping. One drawback to steam heating is that it requires a period of time before the system is hot enough to heat the room.

Heat pumps are yet another type of heating source and it can be a liquid or air source. Liquid heat pump systems are usually made up of several heat pump units located above the ceiling tiles on each floor of a high-rise building. A water loop is required to provide heat to the refrigerant at the heat pumps. The water loop then collects more heat which  is usually from a boiler inside the building.

No matter what type of efficient heating system you choose for your commercial building, contact us today at American Services.  We can help you with installation and maintenance of any heating service select.

Radiant Cooling for Office Buildings

Radiant Cooling for Office Buildings

radiant cooling service in MOAmerican Services heating and cooling service in Saint Louis knows that most radiant cooling systems are based on aluminum panels that are extended from the ceiling through which cooled water is circulated.

In order for this system to effectively cool the office area, panels must be kept at a temperature near the dew point within the office building and the interior space must be dehumidified.  Condensation will occur in humid climates where radiant cooling systems are utilized, even when there are brief periods of exposure to the outside air within the office space. An auxiliary air conditioner may be needed to keep the humidity level low enough.

Where the climate is arid, such as in the southwest, these radiant cooling systems are advantageous particularly in the ceilings of adobe buildings where the inside air can be maintained at a steady cool temperature.

Offices built on concrete slabs are also considered some of the best candidates for radiant cooling, using the same principal as ceiling systems with chilled water systems in the floor, as well as radiant heating systems.  This option is a great choice particularly with office spaces that have existing radiant floor systems.  Humidity continues to be a concern with radiant floor cooling systems, particularly on floors that have carpet coverings instead of the preferred choice for radiant cooling systems-which is ceramic tile.  Condensation is common in areas with heavy carpet, which also limits the temperature at which the floor can be lowered to.

These systems can be very cost effective even when utilized with auxiliary cooling systems which can be used at off peak hours, reducing overall electricity demand for the business.

Forms of Radiant Heating Available

Forms of Radiant Heating Available

heating repair in MOAmerican Services heating and cooling repair in St. Louis knows that as it is stated on the website energy.gov, “Radiant heating has a number of advantages.” It is more efficient than baseboard heating and usually more efficient than forced-air heating because it eliminates duct losses. People with allergies often prefer radiant heat because it does not distribute allergens like forced air systems can. Hydronic (liquid-based) systems use little electricity, a benefit for buildings off the power grid or in areas with high electricity prices. Hydronic systems can use a wide variety of energy sources to heat the liquid, including standard gas- or oil-fired boilers, wood-fired boilers, solar water heaters, or a combination of these sources.”

One type is air-heated radiant floors. Since air can’t hold large amounts of heat, air-heated floors are not cost-effective in residential construction. Sometimes they can be combined with solar air heating systems. However in these situations, heat is only produced in the daytime. It is inefficient to attempt to heat a home with a conventional furnace by pumping air through the floors at night, even with the benefits of using solar heat during the day.

Hydronic systems can use a wide variety of energy sources to heat the liquid, including standard gas- or oil-fired boilers, wood-fired boilers, solar water heaters, or a combination of these sources.” . Electric radiant floors can also be used for home additions if it would be difficult to use the existing heating system in the new space,

Hydronic, or liquid-based, systems are the most widely used and cost-effective radiant heating systems for in cooler climates. Hydronic radiant floor systems pump heated water from a boiler through tubing laid underneath the floor. Hydronic radiant heat is certainly a topic that can be an efficient energy option for builders to use in a variety of different construction scenarios.

Commercial Radiant Heating

Commercial Radiant Heating

American Services heating installation in Missouri knows that radiant heating systems basically involve supplying heat directly to the floors or to panels in the wall or the ceiling of your commercial building. These systems largely depend on radiant heat transfer, the delivery or transfer of heat directly from a hot surface to the people and objects in the room this is called “infrared radiation”

There are a number of advantages associated with radiant heating. Far more efficient than baseboard heating, and generally considered more efficient than forced air heating, radiant heating has no energy lost through the ducting system. This lack of moving air can also be advantageous to people with allergies. Hydronic or liquid based systems use little energy. Ideal for those homes off the power grid or high energy rate locations.
These systems can be heated with the wide variety of energy sources including standard gas and oil, wood fired boilers, solar water heaters, or a combination of all or some of these.
There are three types of radiant floor heat:
1. Radiant air floors
2. Electric radiant floors
3. Hot water radiant floors
these three radiant heat processes can be broken down further into type of installation.
1. Wet installations
2. Sandwich installations
3. Dry installations

Air heated radiant floors;
because air is incapable of containing large amounts of heat
Radiant air floors are not cost effective in residential applications. Solar heating systems can be used to offset these inefficient methods.

Electric radiant floors;
Electric radiant floors consist of electric cables built into the floor itself. Systems that feature mats of electrically conductive plastic are also available on the market and are mounted onto the subfloor below a floor covering such as linoleum or tile.
Because electricity is involved the relatively high cost of energy should be considered before selecting this floor heating design.

Hydronic systems are by far the most popular cost effective radiant heating systems. Radiant floor systems pump heated water from a boiler thru tubing laid in a pattern underneath the floor. In some of these systems the temperature in each room is controlled by regulating the flow of hot water through each loop. This is accomplished by a network of zoning valves or pumps and thermostats.